Brandon opened by explaining how decarbonized hydrogen can support a growing energy demand while reducing the global CO2 footprint. Hydrogen enables manufacturing and production sectors to decarbonize where it is otherwise difficult to reduce emissions meaningfully. Technology has advanced to allow hydrogen to be produced, stored, moved, and used more safely and efficiently. Hydrogen storage can stabilize the variable output from renewable energy sources to better balance supply with demand.
Today, hydrogen production mainly comes from the steam methane reforming (SMR) process, where hydrogen is produced, and CO2 is a byproduct. It’s currently the most economical way to produce hydrogen because low-carbon energy sources are still costly. Much work is being done to couple carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies with the SMR process.
For the traditional SMR process, Micro Motion Coriolis flow meters help overcome the operational challenge of changing feedstock quality and its effect on controlling the steam to carbon ratio. This is because this flow meter is unaffected by changes in composition or physical properties. It measures SMR feed on a mass basis to enable the controller to correct the amount of steam to the reformer. Better measurement and control help extend catalyst life, lower energy costs, and reduce safety risks.
Another example Brandon shared was continuous gas analysis in the SMR process. By continuously monitoring the composition of the methane—feedstock, intermediate, and final products—Rosemount continuous gas analyzers can quickly identify inefficiencies and enable optimization.
Blending and injection processes must be carefully managed to mitigate safety risks. Rosemount flame and gas detectors help implement an automated plan to detect, distinguish, and defend against gas releases and fires.
Across the value chain, hydrogen may be in a gas or liquid state and pure or blended to facilitate transportation. Unlike volumetric flow measurement technologies, Micro Motion Coriolis mass flow meters can accurately measure the hydrogen blend up to 100% pure hydrogen. This eliminates the need for flowing density measurements and reduces maintenance and additional meters required by other flow measurement solutions.
Finally, Brandon addressed the challenge of accurately and safely dispensing high-pressure hydrogen using Micro Motion HPC015 Coriolis flow meters. These meters accurately and safely measure high-pressure hydrogen while reducing installation complexity. The accuracy and repeatability meet the stringent requirements for custody transfer with 0.5% mass flow accuracy at operating conditions. Compared with other flow measurement technologies, no flow conditioning or straight pipe length minimums are required. And Smart Meter Verification (SMV) technology ensures measurement integrity and extends calibration intervals.
Visit the Sustainability and Automation: Drivers Towards a Greener Future section on Emerson.com for more ways to drive more sustainable operations.